new species from Argentina:
Argolebias adrianae Alonso et al., 2024

published in:

Alonso, F., G.E. Terán, P. Calviño, W.S. Serra Alanís, M.M. Montes, I.D. García, J.A. Barneche, L. Ciotek, P. Giorgis & J. Casciotta (2024):
Expect the unexpected: a new species of killifish from a highly stochastic temporary wetland near Iguazú Falls (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae).
Canadian Journal of Zoology 102: 298-314

abstract (from publication):
We describe Argolebias adrianae, a new species of killifish from a small temporary wetland in the Parana Forest ecoregion with no regular or predictable temporal pattern of water availability. This habitat is in the Lower Iguazu River Basin, known for its high fish endemism, but until now, only two species of Rivulidae were reported from it, but from the Araucarian Forest ecoregion. The genus Argolebias was previously only known from the lower portions of the Paraguay, Parana, and Uruguay basins and middle Parana. The new species is distinguished from all congeners by its unique coloration, which includes a conspicuously dark grey anterior third portion of the dorsal fin and the absence of iridescent spots on the basal half of the pectoral fin in live adult males, as well as dark grey spots on the anterocentral portion of the flanks of females. Our phylogenetic analysis shows A. adrianae to be closely related to Argolebias guarani from the adjacent Middle Parana basin. We also provide data on the ecology, ontogeny of coloration, and chorion ornamentation of this species. Our findings have important implications for understanding the biogeography, ecology, and evolution of mechanisms that enable organisms to thrive in highly stochastic environments like this one.