first record from freshwaters in Argentina:
Odontesthes argentinensis (Valenciennes, 1835)
Colautti, D., L. Miranda, M. Gonzalez-Castro, G.V. Villanova, C.A. Strüssmann, M. Mancin, T. Maiztegui, G. Berasain, R.S. Hattori, F. Grosman, P. Sanzano, I. Lozano, S. Llamazares Vegh, V. Salinas, O. Del Ponti, P. del Fresno, P. Minotti, Y. Yamamoto & C. Baigún (2020):
Evidence of a landlocked reproducing population of the marine pejerrey Odontesthes argentinensis (Actinopterygii; Atherinopsidae).
Journal of Fish Biology 96 (1): 202-216
abstract (from publication):
In South America, the order Atheriniformes includes the monophyletic genus Odontesthes with 20 species that inhabit freshwater, estuarine and coastal environments. Pejerrey Odontesthes argentinensis is widely distributed in coastal and estuarine areas of the Atlantic Ocean and is known to foray into estuaries of river systems, particularly in conditions of elevated salinity. However, to our knowledge, a landlocked self-sustaining population has never been recorded. In this study, we examined the pejerrey population of Salada de Pedro Luro Lake (south-east of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina) to clarify its taxonomic identity. An integrative taxonomic analysis based on traditional meristic, landmark-based morphometrics and genetic techniques suggests that the Salada de Pedro Luro pejerrey population represents a novel case of physiological and morphological adaptation of a marine pejerrey species to a landlocked environment and emphasises the environmental plasticity of this group of fishes.